Hatra is an ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia, is located in present day eastern Nineveh Governorate in northern Iraq roughly 100 km southwest of Mosul.

Hatra was a strongly fortified caravan independent city, located between the Roman and Parthian/Persian empires flourishing in the 2nd century C.E., and was destroyed and deserted in the 3rd century C.E.

The archaeological site of Hatra (northern Iraq, Nineveh Governorate) was occupied by DAESH between mid 2014 and April 2017.

The archaeological area, used for military training, was targeted by jihadist militants for propaganda purposes: much irreplaceable and unique Hatrene art has been vandalized or severely damaged, threatening to further erase an already under-studied field.

As a World Heritage site Hatra was placed on the World Heritage in Danger list on July 1st 2015.